Mbabane - Swaziland
Mbabane is the capital and largest city in Eswatini (Swaziland). With an estimated population of 94,874 (2010), it is located on the Mbabane River and its tributary the Polinjane River in the
Mdzimba Mountains . It is located in the Hhohho Region, of which it is also the capital. The average elevation of the city is 1243 meters. It lies on the
The town grew after the nation's
administrative centre moved from
Bremersdorp (now called Manzini) in 1902. It derives its name from a Chief, Mbabane Kunene, who lived in the area when British settlers arrived.
Mbabane was founded in 1887 by Mickey Wells, on the spot where the Transvaal-to-Mozambique route crossed the Mbabane river. It was declared the capital of the new
Protectorate of Swaziland in 1902. During this time, Mbabane consisted of a few shops, churches and schools founded by white settlers.
Mbabane became the central hub for development in the
In the years following independence, governmental buildings such as the British Consulate were built in Mbabane. Further growth has been achieved through the growth of the
tourism industry in Eswatini , of which Mbabane has become the centre. Mbabane today is home to many hotels and recreational sites such as clubs and golf courses tending to tourists.
Mbabane's closest border crossing to
South Africa is Ngwenya-Oshoek , and though Swazi is the primary language,
English is widespread. Mbabane, and Eswatini itself, depend on tourism and
sugar exports. It is also a commercial hub for the surrounding region, while tin and iron were mined nearby. The city has two sites for light industries.
Education and culture
Mbabane is the home of the Waterford-Kamhlaba United World College of Southern Africa, as well as one of the three campuses of the University of Swaziland . Limkokwing University of Creative Technology is a private international university that lies by the South African-Swaziland border with several university candidates from Swaziland. Indingilizi Gallery is an art gallery in Mbabane, established in 1982 and showcases a range of Swazi art , including sculptures, paintings, batiks, mohair, ethnic jewellery and pottery. The Kingdom of Swaziland has long been a crossroad for visitors coming from all corners of the world and it hosts a variety of cultural activities such as: The Reed dance, lncwala and many more.
Geography and climate
Mbabane is located in the district of Hhohho, of which it is also the capital, and lies on the Mbabane River and its tributary the Polinjane River in the
Mdzimba Mountains. The average elevation of the city is 1243 metres.
Due to its altitude, Mbabane features a moderate subtropical highland climate. The city has a mild climate and snow is a rare event, which has occurred only three times.
Pretoria - South Africa
Pretoria (also referred to as Tshwane) is a city in the northern part of Gauteng Province in South Africa. It is one of the country's three capital cities, serving as the administrative branch of government and it's the capital city of South Africa.
Pretoria is situated approximately 55km northeast of Johannesburg. It lies at an altitude of about 1,339m above sea level, in a warm, sheltered, fertile valley, surrounded by the hills of the Magaliesberg range. The average annual temperature is 18,7 degrees Celsius.
Tourism and Culture
The University of South Africa (commonly referred to as UNISA) is the largest university on the African continent. Pretoria has many treasures and surprises enfolded in its arms such as Voortrekker Monument, Freedom Park, The National Zoological Gardens, Union Buildings, Church Square and many more.
Dubai - United Arab Emirates
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